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Übersetzung für "feline" im DeutschViele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "feline cat" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "feline" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzung für 'feline' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen.
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Praxisrelevante fragen anhand eines fallbeispiels" [Feline panleukopenia. Practical questions based on a case study].
Tierärztliche Praxis. In Greene CE ed. Infectious diseases of the dog and cat. Philadelphia: WB Saunders. Treatment of dogs naturally infected with canine parvovirus with lyophilized canine IgG.
June 10—13, Veterinary Pathology. Veterinary Microbiology. Annual Review of Virology. Veterinary Journal.
Wiener Tierarztliche Monatsschrift. Retrieved 30 May Laboratory Animal Medicine. The Journal of Small Animal Practice.
Vaccines and vaccination". Vaccination for animal health: an overview". American Journal of Veterinary Research. Categories : Cat diseases Animal virology.
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Electron micrograph of canine parvovirus. Canine parvovirus. Physical examination typically reveals profound depression, dehydration, and sometimes abdominal pain.
Abdominal palpation—which can induce immediate vomiting—may reveal thickened intestinal loops and enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes. In cases of cerebellar hypoplasia, ataxia and tremors with normal mentation are seen.
Retinal lesions, if present, appear as discrete gray foci. There are typically few gross lesions due to feline panleukopenia, although dehydration is usually marked.
Bowel loops may be segmentally dilated and may have thickened, hyperemic walls. There may be petechiae or ecchymoses on the intestinal serosal surfaces.
Perinatally infected kittens may have a noticeably small cerebellum. Histologically, the intestinal crypts are usually dilated and contain debris consisting of sloughed, necrotic, epithelial cells.
Blunting and fusion of villi may be present. Eosinophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies are seen only occasionally in formalin-fixed specimens; use of Bouin's or Zenker's fixative will increase the likelihood of seeing these.
There may be a notable lack of lymphocytic or inflammatory cell infiltration in the bowel walls because of destruction of these leukocytes by the virus.
Neutropenia develops earlier than lymphopenia. During recovery from infection, there is typically a rebound neutrophilia with a marked left shift.
Diagnosis can, in some cases, be confirmed using an in-office immunochromatographic test kit intended for detection of fecal CPV antigen.
However, fecal antigen is detectable only for a short time after infection; false-negative results are common.
Differential diagnoses include other causes of profound depression, leukopenia, and GI signs. Salmonellosis and infections with feline leukemia virus FeLV and feline immunodeficiency virus should be considered.
FPV infections combined with various salmonellae or feline calicivirus cause much more severe disease than FPV alone. Successful treatment of acute cases of feline panleukopenia requires vigorous fluid therapy and supportive nursing care in the isolation unit.
Electrolyte disturbances eg, hypokalemia , hypoglycemia, hypoproteinemia, anemia, and opportunistic secondary infections often develop in severely affected cats.
Anticipation of these possibilities, close monitoring, and prompt intervention can improve outcome. In addition to crystalloid infusion, transfusion of fresh-frozen plasma helps support plasma oncotic pressure and provides clotting factors to severely ill, hypoproteinemic kittens.
It also provides some anti-FPV antibodies. Whole blood is preferable for the occasional cat that is severely anemic. Parenteral, broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy is indicated; however, nephrotoxic drugs eg, aminoglycosides must be avoided until dehydration has been fully corrected.
Because of the nephrotoxic potential of the gentamicin , urinary protein dipstick findings, sequential urine sediments, and serum SDMA or creatinine should be monitored.
There are single antibiotic agents, albeit more expensive, that are effective against the anaerobes and gram-negative aerobes that are the most important bacteria in feline panleukopenia.
These include third-generation cephalosporins eg, ceftiofur, cefotaxime and extended penicillins eg, piperacillin. Antiemetic therapy eg, maropitant, ondansetron or metoclopramide usually provides some relief and allows earlier enteral feeding of soft, easily digested food.
Maropitant is the first-choice anti-emetic. Need a translator? Translator tool. Browse felicitate. Test your vocabulary with our fun image quizzes.
Image credits. Word of the Day bouldering. Read More. New Words super pea. December 07, To top. FIV displays a similar structure to the primate and ungulate lentiviruses.
The virion has a diameter from 80 to nanometers and is pleomorphic. The FIV virus genome is diploid.
It consists of two identical single-strands of RNA in each case about nucleotides existing in plus-strand orientation.
It has the typical genomic structure of retroviruses, including the gag , pol , and env genes. The Pol polyprotein is translated by ribosomal frame-shifting, a feature shared with HIV.
An additional short ORF termed orfA also known as orf2 precedes the env gene. The function of OrfA in viral replication is unclear, however the orfA -encoded product may display many of the attributes of HIV-1 accessory gene products such as Vpr, Vpu or Nef.
The capsid protein derived from the polyprotein Gag is assembled into a viral core the protein shell of a virus and the matrix protein also derived from Gag forms a shell immediately inside of the lipid bilayer.
Both SU and TM glycoproteins are heavily glycosylated, a characteristic that scientists believe may mask the B-cell epitopes of the Env glycoprotein giving the virus resistance to the virus neutralizing antibodies.
Furthermore, the vectors can be used on dividing and non-dividing cells. FIV and feline leukemia virus FeLV are sometimes mistaken for one another though the viruses differ in many ways.
Although they are both in the same retroviral subfamily orthoretrovirinae , they are classified in different genera FeLV is a gamma-retrovirus and FIV is a lentivirus like HIV The two viruses are also quite different genetically, and their protein coats differ in size and composition.
Although many of the diseases caused by FeLV and FIV are similar, the specific ways in which they are caused also differs. Also, while the feline leukemia virus may cause symptomatic illness in an infected cat, an FIV infected cat can remain completely asymptomatic its entire lifetime.
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